Tuesday, October 8, 2013
Reflexive pronouns and emphatic pronouns look alike. They either end in –self, as in the form, or –selves as in the form.
The singular reflexive/ emphatic pronouns are:
Himself, herself, itself
Reflexive pronouns are pronouns that refer back to the subject of the sentence or clause.
He fell down and hurt himself.
I e- myself a of the article.
Kumar blames himself .
If we write without ‘self’, the pronouns will not refer back to the doer of the action. They will refer to somebody else.
He hurt me.
I e-mailed you a copy of the article.
Kumar blames her.
When reflexive pronouns are used to put on a particular noun they are called emphatic pronouns.
She herself told me this.
I finished the myself.
We ourselves cooked .
* The emphatic pronouns cannot be used as . It is therefore wrong to say:
Shekhar and myself went there.
I invited herself to .
The correct form will be:
Shekhar and I went there.
I invited her to tea.
Difference between reflective and emphatic pronouns:
A pronoun is a reflexive one if the action of the subject reflectsupon the doer.
He cut himself. (Reflexive: here the subject and object refer to the same person.)
Emphatic pronouns, on the other hand, are used to just emphasize the action of the subject.
He himself cut the cake. ( He cut the cake-not else.)
I spoke to the myself. (Emphatic)
You must blame yourself for the loss. (Reflexive – the subject and the object are the same).
* An emphatic pronoun can be removed from the sentence and the meaning would not be affected.
I myself the door.
I opened the door.
A reflexive pronoun, on the other hand, is indispensable. The sentence wouldn’t make complete sense if you remove the reflexive pronoun.
She cut herself.
If you remove herself, what remains, will not make sense.
She cut…… what?
· Some use ‘itself’ along with the pronouns in order to give emphasis.
You itself teach me.
He itself wants to go there.
But that is not the way. It should be:
You yourself teach me.
He himself wants to go there.